Studies are being carried out on naked mole rats, who are named this because they do not have any fur. to try and find out how scientists can change the way humans age by slowing down the process. This is because the naked mole rats have an average lifespan of about 30 years, which is just over 25 years more than other rat species, which have an average lifespan of up to two years and mice have a lifespan of up two or three years.
Scientists will use the study and research collected on how the naked mole rats age and the process for which they age slowly. Using the data and information they have collected, to help slow down the ageing process of humans. This means that scientists are one step closer to developing
Rochelle Buffenstein, a scientist studying the naked mole rats has also performed studies on how the mole rats react to cancer causing chemicals. In the study, Buffenstein experimented on the mole rats by using different methods which cause cancer in different animals and rodents. Her conclusion of the study found that even though she had used these different methods, the naked mole rats did not show any signs of developing cancer, while other animals developed tumours. However, there have been cases in which the mole rats have developed cancer, but this is still rare.
The naked mole rats are extremely unlikely to develop cancer because the cells in the mole rats secrete a substance which prevents cancer and tumours from growing. Scientists will also use this to try and create an effective treatment for cancer and to prevent cancer and tumours developing in humans.