The Suez is an artificial canal at sea level, this waterway in Egypt connects both the Mediterranean sea & the red sea. When constructed the canal was impressive by todays standards at 164 km or 102 miles long and 8 meters or 26ft deep. However after several enlargements since 1869, it is now 120.11 miles long & 24 meters or 79 ft deep and 205 metres wide.
The suez was opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction works, upon opening the Suez immediately had a significant impact on world trade, the main reason was due to reducing the sea voyage distance between Europe and India by circa 4,300 miles or 7000 Km.
After the canals compleation due to a build up of debt, Egypt was forced to sell its shares of ownership over the Suez canal to the United Kingdom. In 1888 an international convention took place making the canal accessible to all ships from every nation. shortly after the convention conflict arose over the control of the canal. In 1936 the United Kingdom were given the rights to continue using the suez for the military forces to assist with travel also allowing them to control entry points. By 1948 following the creation of Israel the Egyptian
In recent times the canal has been more heavily used, for example in 2012 alone 17,225 vessels used the canal over a 12 month period, this equites to 47 ships a per day. To aid with the massive use this canal has imposed on it, In August 2014, construction was launched to construct a second canal for half of the route of the canal, costing a massive $8.4 billion.