The Kimberley Mine is the largest hole excavated by hand and is located in Northern Cape, South Africa. The mine is an open-pit and underground mine which yielded nearly 2,720 kg of diamonds. This Mine is also called ‘The Big Hole’, ‘Groot Gat’, and several different other names. The mine was opened in 1871 under the ownership of ‘DeBeers’ and was once called ‘New Rush’ and was later renamed as ‘Kimberley’. The Big hole was dug entirely by hand with picks, shovels and other tools. Nearly 50,000 miners have worked hard to dig the mine which spans 463 meters across along with a depth of about 240 meters. The surface area is about 17 hectares and has a perimeter of 1.6 kilometres. Kimberley Mine was closed on 14th August 1914. By that time – over 22 million tons of Earth had been excavated and nearly 2,720 kilograms of Diamond had been scavenged from it. In its life span of 43 years, countless number of miners died due to unhygienic working conditions and shortage of water along with inadequate fresh air. After closing of the Kimberley Mine, the entire area became a tourist spot. Old buildings and precious relics of Kimberley attracted tourists from all over the world. Therefore, DeBeers company cashed on it and invested 50 million dollars and opened a world-class tourism facility with the main attraction being the ‘Mine Museum’. Now, the Kimberley mine has become a tourist hotspot attracting visitors from around the World.