Did you know – The first parts of the Great Wall were built by princes and overlords in the seventh century BC as regional border defences when China was divided up into many small states, it is believed that the main purpose of the Great Wall was to protect China from invasion or attack by northern tribes. It was completed over a 200 year period and has been around for over 2000 years! Can you imagine how hard it would be to build the Great Wall of China? The length of the wall and the terrain it was built on is enough to put most people of the job but transporting stone up and down hillsides without machinery is even worse. So how many people do you think worked on the construction of the wall? From records it appears there was about 800,000 people involved in the construction made up of around 300,000 soldiers and 500,000 common people.
Unsurprisingly many people lost their lives during the build and archaeologists have discovered many human remains buried under sections of the wall, which is crazy to think that people who died building the wall was left their and not removed for families to hold a funeral.
The Great Wall of China was made for 2 main purposes, 1 was for the military and infrastructure but recently it has a new function which is that it is one of the world’s biggest tourist attraction. The wall functioned for military as it worked as a fort. Passes and beacon towers were built along the wall so that it could house auxiliary soldiers, and so it was safe to store grain, weapons and to also transmit military information. The Great Wall helped infrastructure and development as it provided protection to economic development and cultural progress when there were clashes between agricultural and nomadic economies, it also safe guarded the trading routes such as the Silk Road and secured transmission of information. The Great Wall of China’s most recent function is that it is one of the world’s leading tourist attraction and it has now lost all of its former functions.