Ancient architecture is fascinating, the fact that people were able to create shelters/ housing with such little amenities. In this day and age we have all of the equipment we require in order to create buildings & structures safely however, many years ago the majority of people simply had small tools… no electrical equipment to aid them in any way as we do today, so how did they accomplish some of the amazing & iconic structure’s we see today? One of the most intriguing forms of ancient architecture is the Derinkuyu’s Ancient underground city. Discovered in the 1960’s in Turkey- Nevsehir Province, this find is truly unbelievable. At a depth of approximately 60m and having 18 storeys the underground city is of big enough proportions to shelter up to 20,000 people along with live stock and food stores. To date it is the largest underground city to be discovered in Turkey however, it is not the only one as many others have been found across Cappadocia before it. The underground city was only discovered when a home owner was making renovations. In 1969 the city was opened to the public, to date around half of the underground city is accessible to tourists. I find it difficult to process that around 2,800 years ago people were able to construct such a place using only the excavating tools they had. It is more than likely that the city’s purpose was to protect its inhabitants from war or natural disasters but the creators went above and beyond its purpose as it was found that the city had access to fresh flowing water, the wells were not connected to the surface, making it impossible for land dwellers to sabotage the city. The underground hideaway was equipped with communal rooms, shops and tombs. Individual quarters for livestock were found along with escape routes and astonishingly a school complete with its own study room.