Diabetes is a well-known disease that affects many people all over the world. It is a condition where the amount of glucose in your blood is too high because the body cannot utilise it properly and this is due to your pancreas not producing enough insulin, or in some cases none at all.
Type 1 diabetes
Develops when the insulin-producing cells in the body have been destroyed and the body is unable to produce any insulin.
Type 2 diabetes
Develops usually in middle-aged or older people. This is when the insulin-producing cells in the body are unable to produce enough insulin, or when the insulin that is produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance).
This is a type of diabetes that arises during pregnancy (usually during the second or third trimester). In some women, it occurs because the body cannot produce enough insulin to meet the extra needs of pregnancy.
There are many factors for people who sufferers from diabetes
It is estimated that only 10% of diabetes sufferers have type 1 diabetes and 90% of sufferers have type 2 diabetes.
Although more than 85% of Type 1 diabetes occurs in individuals with no previous family members that have disease, the risk among developing the disease when blood relatives have it is about 15 times higher than in the general population.
- If a mother has the condition, the risk of developing it is about 2–4 per cent
- If a father has the condition, the risk of developing it is about 6–9 per cent
- If both parents have the condition, the risk of developing it is up to 30 per cent
- If a brother or sister develops the condition, the risk of developing it is 10 per cent (rising to 10–19 per cent for a non-identical twin and 30–70 per cent for an identical twin)
There are many genetic and environmental factors in Type 2 diabetes. It tends to cluster in families. People with diabetes in the family are two to six times more likely to have diabetes than people without diabetes in the family.
Diabetes comes with many risks which most people are unaware of. These can be life threatening and can affect the way that diabetes sufferers are able to live their lives. Good diabetes management has been shown to reduce the risk of complications. But when diabetes is not well managed, it is associated with serious complications including heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease and amputations leading to disability and premature mortality. There is also a substantial financial cost to care as well as costs to the lives of people with diabetes. By the time they are diagnosed, half of the people with Type 2 diabetes show signs of complications.